Historical background -
The Royal line of Buleleng, Singaraja is descended from the Son of Dalem Sagening, the King of Gelgel, Klungkung, named Ki Gusti Anglurah Pandji Sakti.
Pandji Sakti, it is recorded left from Klungkung to establish a new Kingdom in Den Bukit, Buleleng, North Bali. On reaching the peak of the mountain range, he was thirsty so he plunged his magic kris into the ground. Water started to flow from that spot and formed a spring; until this very day it still flows from this spring, making life possible at the top of the mountain range. A temple was built at this place, Pura Yeh Ketipat. You will pass it by on your way from Denpasar, via Bedugul and Lake Beratan, to Singaraja.
Ki Gusti Anglurah Pandji Sakti eventually settled in the village of Pandji around 5 km South West of Singaraja. When he had finally succeeded in uniting Den Bukit (now Buleleng, North Bali) he became the King of Den Bukit. Then he built two other Puri (palaces) namely Sukasada, 2 km South of Singaraja. Singaraja as the third Puri built on March 30th, 1604 became the beginning of the Kingdom of Buleleng and Singaraja, the capital town of the regency of Buleleng. Singaraja was chosen by the Dutch as the easiest place to make their first incursion onto Balinese Soil. This they did by brute force in the mid 19th century (1846-1849). The palace / puri was destroyed and the family mostly deposed or annihilated at the final stand in the town of Jagaraga around 15 km east of Singaraja.
In agreement with the people of Buleleng, the Dutch appointed I Gusti Ngurah Ketut Djlantik of the Pandji Sakti line to be the new Raja (King of Buleleng) in 1858. The young and intelligent king was finally exiled by the Dutch to Padang, West Sumatra when he was known to have supported the rebellion against the Dutch in Banjar about 17 km west of Singaraja in 1872.
Anak Agung I Gusti Putu Djelantik with his family in the 1920's
In 1929, I Gusti Putu Djlantik, the son of I Gusti Ngurah Ktut Djlantik (the exiled king) was appointed by the Dutch to be the regent of Buleleng and then in 1938 he was appointed to be the zelfbestuurder-Raja of Buleleng and was since known as Anak Agung Putu Djlantik. Anak Agung Putu Djlantik rebuilt the Puri Agung, and together with the Dutch he founded the lontar library Gedong Kirtya in the front part of Puri area in June 1928.
When Anak Agung Putu Djlantik died in 1944 he was succeeded by his eldest son, Anak Agung Pandji Tisna. Anak Agung Pandji Tisna was famous as a novelist and was the last person holding the title of Raja. He is also known as the founder of Lovina tourist beach resort about 10 kms west of Singaraja because he was the first person who built an accommodation named Lovina in the area in August 1953. He had introduced Lovina as a tourist beach resort in North Bali worldwide by writing a lot of articles in international publications for years until he died in Lovina on June 2nd, 1978 at the age of 70.
Anak Agung Pandji Tisna in the 1950's
The Puri Agung, which has been restored several times, is now softly open to public who are interested in the history of Buleleng – North Bali. Visitors can see a number of pictures of Raja (Kings) of Buleleng in the old house where the Raja and his family used to live. At the south east of the back yard you can see the royal shrine (Merajan Puri).
In the front part of the Royal Palace area visitors can visit the Gedong Kirtya, the lontar library annex museum of Buleleng. Art performances are regularly organized at the Sasana Budaya building, and you are also welcome to visit the traditional Royal weavery factory which produces typical Buleleng sarong and cloth.